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What Are the 6 Types of Cyber Security?

October 28th, 2022 by admin

A close up view of system hacking

There are six types of cyber security: network security, application security, data security, endpoint security, cloud security, and Industrial Control Systems security. Network security protects the integrity and confidentiality of data in transit. Application security secures the code and applications that make up your organization's infrastructure. Data security safeguards sensitive information from unauthorized access and use. Endpoint security helps protect devices and users from malicious activity. Cloud security defends against threats to cloud-based resources and services. Industrial Control Systems security helps protect critical infrastructure from cyber threats.

Organizations must implement all five types of cyber security to ensure a comprehensive defense against cyber attacks.

  1. Network Security

    Network security protects the physical infrastructure of an organization's networks from attack. It includes measures to prevent unauthorized access, denial of service attacks, and other threats. Network security controls can be divided into three categories:

    • Access control: This type of security control restricts access to network resources to authorized users. It can be implemented through firewalls, access control lists, and other technologies.

    • Data security: Data security controls protect the confidentiality and integrity of data in transit. They can be implemented through encryption, data loss prevention, and other technologies.

    • Availability: Availability controls ensure that networks and services are available to authorized users when needed. They can be implemented through redundancy, load balancing, and other technologies.

  2. Application Security

    Application security focuses on securing the code and applications that make up an organization's infrastructure. These include web applications, mobile apps, desktop applications, and embedded systems. Application security controls can be divided into two categories:

    • Code security: Code security controls help to prevent malicious code from being injected into applications. They can be implemented through static code analysis, runtime protection, and other technologies.

    • Application firewalls: Application firewalls provide an additional layer of security for web applications. They can be deployed as hardware, software, or cloud-based services.

  3. Data Security

    Data security protects sensitive information from unauthorized access and use. It includes measures to prevent data breaches, data leakage, and other threats. Data security controls can be divided into three categories:

    • Data encryption: Data encryption transforms readable data into an unreadable format. This makes it difficult for unauthorized users to access and use sensitive information.

    • Data loss prevention: Data loss prevention controls help to prevent the unauthorized exfiltration of data. They can be implemented through network monitoring, data classification, and other technologies.

    • Identity and access management: Identity and access management controls restrict access to data and systems to authorized users. They can be implemented through user provisioning, password management, and other technologies.

  4. Endpoint Security

    Endpoint security helps protect devices and users from malicious activity. It includes measures to prevent malware infections, phishing attacks, and other threats. Endpoint security controls can be divided into three categories:

    • Device security: Device security controls help to prevent unauthorized access to devices. They can be implemented through device authentication, device management, and other technologies.

    • User security: User security controls help to prevent unauthorized access to data and systems. They can be implemented through user authentication, user education, and other technologies.

    • Application security: Application security controls help to prevent malicious code from being injected into applications. They can be implemented through application white-listing, application sandboxing, and other technologies.

  5. Cloud Security

    Cloud security defends against threats to cloud-based resources and services. It includes measures to prevent data breaches, service outages, and other threats. Cloud security controls can be divided into three categories:

    • Identity and access management: Identity and access management controls restrict access to cloud-based resources and services to authorized users. They can be implemented through user provisioning, password management, and other technologies.

    • Data security: Data security controls protect the confidentiality and integrity of data in transit. They can be implemented through encryption, data loss prevention, and other technologies.

    • Availability: Availability controls ensure that cloud-based resources and services are available to authorized users when needed. They can be implemented through redundancy, load balancing, and other technologies.

  6. Industrial Control Systems Security

    Industrial Control Systems (ICS) security helps protect critical infrastructure from cyber threats. It includes measures to prevent disruptions to industrial processes, safety hazards, and other threats. Industrial control systems security controls can be divided into three categories:

    • Asset Management: Asset management controls help to identify and track industrial control systems assets. They can be implemented through inventory management, configuration management, and other technologies.

    • Access control: Access control controls restrict access to industrial control systems assets to authorized users. They can be implemented through user provisioning, authentication, and other technologies.

    • Monitoring and logging: Monitoring and logging controls help to detect and investigate suspicious activity in industrial control systems. They can be implemented through event logging, intrusion detection/prevention, and other technologies.

Cyber security is important for every organization and must be taken seriously in this day and age by organizations of all sizes. Therefore, it is imperative that you come to grips with the different types of cyber security that are around right now. That will allow you to easily take into account the various threats and the consequences of not having the right measures for cyber security. If you want to learn more about the different types of cyber security and how to be protected, contact Americom today.

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Posted in: Cybersecurity